asperger_to_kanner

From Kanner autism to Asperger syndromes, the difficult task to predict where ASD people look at

A joint work between Univ. of Rennes 1 and Univ. of Rennes 2:

  • Olivier LE MEUR & Alexis NEBOUT, from PERCEPT team / IRISA / Univ. Rennes 1.
  • Myriam CHEREL & Elise ETCHAMENDY, from RPPsy (EA 4050) / Univ. Rennes 2.
Abstract:

Modelling the visual attention of people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is attracting more and more interest. This consists in determining where ASD people look and in inferring the important visual features contributing to the gaze deployment. In this paper, we investigate whether or not existing neurotypical as well as ASD saliency models perform well over the whole spectrum of autism. For this purpose, we propose two new eye-tracking datasets of ASD people in order to cover a large part of the autism spectrum, going from high-level functioning (e.g. Asperger) to low-level functioning (e.g. Kanner) autism. We demonstrate that current neurotypical and ASD models do not generalize well and perform well only on a small part of the spectrum. Our objective is to raise the awareness of computer scientists to the difficult task we are facing up when it comes to simulate the gaze deployment of ASD people.

Three ASD eye-tracking datasets:
  • ICME dataset from Duan, H., Zhai, G., Min, X., Che, Z., Fang, Y., Yang, X., … & Le Callet, P.  (2019, June). A dataset of eye movements for the children with autism spectrum disorder. In Proceedings of the 10th ACM Multimedia Systems Conference (pp. 255-260).
    Link to download dataset (original images, human saliency maps and fixations maps): Here
  • Kanner autism: MIE Fo dataset presented in our paper:
    Link to download dataset (original images, human saliency maps and fixations maps): Here
    (number of images: 25; resolution: 1920×1200; number of observers: 17; viewing time: 4s; nppd=38 (horizontal), nppd=27 (vertical))
  • Kanner autism: MIE No dataset presented in our paper:
    Link to download dataset (original images, human saliency maps and fixations maps): Here
    (number of images: 25; resolution: 1920×1200; number of observers: 12; viewing time: 4s; nppd=38 (horizontal), nppd=27 (vertical))

Adapted from American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Pub.

Citation

Please cite the following paper if you use the aforementioned data:

O. Le Meur, A. Nebout, M. Chérel & E. Etchamendy, From Kanner autism to Asperger  syndromes, the difficult task to predict where ASD people look at, IEEE Access, 2020. DOI 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3020251

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